To provide a structured form to Bishnoism and to unite like
minded people on a common platform, Guru Jambheswar Ji advised
to follow 29 principles (rules/tenets/commandments) as a
condition to become part of Bishnoism for the people from any
religion or faith.
People who accepted 29 principles of Bishnoism were called
The word Bishnoi is considered to be made from Bish(20) + Noi(9)
and therefore these 29 principles are foundation of Bishnoism
and are like clauses of policy or constitution for Bishnois.
10 principles are dedicated to personal hygiene & health, 9 for
good human virtues/values/ethics, 6 for environment protection &
compassion for living beings and 4 for spiritual/religious life.
Generally the rules are made based on the prevailing conditions,
situations, requirements of that time & location, but Bishnoism
rules made by visionary Guru Jambheshwar Ji are relevant today
also even after more than 520 years. These rules are more
relevant today for the world suffering from global warming,
increased carbon-dioxide emissions, environmental calamities,
health problems, selfishness, hate and terrorism etc.
Bishnoi principles are rays of hope for health, environment,
peace, harmony and love
Though Bishnoism now has been transformed into Bishnoi Community
but principles of Bishnoism are useful for everyone irrespective
of religion, faith or community.
Many writers has translated the original 29 rules in different
serial order but the most common and oldest are as written in a
poem in local Rajasthani dialect (BOLI) as below.
(UNTEES DHARAM KI AKHADI,
HIRDYE DHARIO JOYE JAMBHEJI KIRPA KARI, NAM BISHNOI HOYE)
- TEES DIN SUTAK
- PANCH RITUVANTI NIYARO
- SAIRO KARO SNAN
- SHEEL SANTOSH SUCHI
- DWI-KAL SANDHYA KARO
- SANJH AARTI GUN GAO
- HOM HIT CHIT PREET SU
HOY, BAS BEKUNTHE PAO
- PANI BANI
- INDHANI DUDH, ITNA LIJE
- DAYA HIRDAYA DHARO, GURU
- JHUTH BARJIYO
- BAD NA KARNO KOY
- AMAWAS VART RAKHNO
- BHAJAN VISHNU BATAYO JOY
- JEEV DAYA PALANI
- RUNKH LILA NAHI GHAVE
- AJAR JARE JEEVAT MARE,
VE VAS BEKHUNTHA PAV
- KARE RASOI HATH SU,
AANSU PALLA NA LAVE
- AMAR RAKHAVE THAT
- BAIL BADHIYA NA KARAVE
- MADH SU DUR HI BHAGE
- LEEL NA LAVE ANG, DEKHTE
DUR HI TYAGE
I will try to translate these
principles with some explanations for the benefit of everyone.